Desexing

Desexing

Desexing or neutering your pet is a surgical procedure that prevents them from being able to reproduce. In male pets it is commonly referred to as “castration”, and in female pets as “spaying”. This is the most frequent surgery performed by our vets, and generally your pet is home by the evening of surgery.

The most common time to desex your pet is around 6 months of age, however they are never too old to be desexed.

There are benefits to desexing your pet which include:

  • Preventing unwanted litters, which can be very costly, and may add to the already overwhelming number of stray animals that are put down each year
  • Prevention of testicular cancer and prostate disease in males, and it can help prevent pyometra (infection of the uterus) and mammary tumours (breast cancer) in females
  • Stopping the “heat” cycle in females 
  • Decreasing aggression towards humans and other animals, especially in males
  • Being less prone to wander, especially in males
  • Reduction of council registration fees

Vasectomy and ovary sparing spay

At our clinic, we also offer vasectomy for male dogs and ovary sparing spay for female dogs. Please contact us for an appointment with our veterinarians if you would like to discuss about these procedures for your pets.

Chemical castration for male dogs

Chemical castration is performed by placing an implant under the dog’s skin which will last 6 or 12 months depending on the implant used. The active ingredient of the implant is a hormone that down regulates testosterone causing sperm production to halt and the testicles to reduce in size. The testicles can regain their size and produce testosterone and sperm again once the implant is worn off which means this chemical castration is reversible.

This implant can also be used prior to surgical castration to see if castration will work to dampen down an aggressive dog's behaviour.

What to do before and after surgery

Before surgery:

  • Make a booking for your pets operation.
  • If your pet is a dog, you can wash them the day before surgery as they are then unable to be washed after until the stitches are removed.
  • You can give you pet an evening meal as normal the day prior to surgery, but do not leave food out overnight. Water should be freely available to your pet until 9am on the day of surgery.
  • A blood test (pre-anaesthetic profile) may be performed prior to surgery to check vital organ function.
  • The vet will perform a thorough physical examination before administering an anaesthetic.
  •  Intravenous fluid therapy will be administered during most types of surgery.
  • To ensure your pet is as comfortable as possible, all pets receive pain relief as part of the desexing procedure, and we may prescribe medication for you to administer at home for a few days after the procedure.

After Surgery:

  • Keep your pet restrained and quiet as the effects of anaesthetic can take some time to wear off completely.
  • Keeping them quiet is also essential to allow the wound to heal.
  • Food and water should be limited to small portions only on the night after surgery.
  • Follow any dietary instructions that the vet has provided.
  • Ensure all post-surgical medications are administered as per the label instructions.
  • Ensure your pet’s rest area is clean to avoid infection.
  • Check the incision at least twice daily for any signs of infection or disruption (e.g. bleeding, swelling, redness or discharge). Contact the vet immediately if any of these occur. Do not wait to see if they will spontaneously resolve.
  • Prevent your pet from licking or chewing the wound. Special cone-shaped collars assist with this problem. A single chew can remove the careful stitching with disastrous effects.
  • Ensure you return to us on time for routine post-operative check-ups and removal of stitches.
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